Verticillium Wilt on Fiber Flax: Symptoms and Pathogen Development In Planta - Normandie Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Plant Disease Year : 2018

Verticillium Wilt on Fiber Flax: Symptoms and Pathogen Development In Planta

Abstract

Fiber flax (Linum usitatissimum L.), an important crop in Normandy (France), is increasingly affected by Verticillium wilt caused by the soilborne fungus Verticillium dahliae. This disease leads to nonnegligible yield losses and depreciated fibers that are consequently difficult to upgrade. Verticillium wilt is a major threat to a broad range of agriculture. In this study, susceptible fiber flax cultivar Adélie was infected by VdLu01 (isolated from fiber flax, this study) or green fluorescent protein-tagged VdLs17 (transformed and provided by the department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis). Between 3 and 4 weeks postinoculation, wilting symptoms on leaves were first observed, with acropetal growth during the following weeks. Pathogen development was tracked by confocal laser-scanning microscopy during the asymptomatic and symptomatic stages. First, conidia germination led to the development of hyphae on root epidermis; more particularly, on the zone of cell differentiation and around emerging lateral roots, while the zone of cell division and the root tip were free of the pathogen. At 3 days postinoculation, the zone of cell differentiation and lateral roots were embedded into a fungal mass. Swelling structures such as appressoria were observed at 1 week postinoculation. At 2 weeks postinoculation and onward, the pathogen had colonized xylem vessels in roots, followed by the stem and, finally, leaves during the symptomatic stage. Additionally, observations of infected plants after retting in the field revealed microsclerotia embedded inside the bast fiber bundle, thus potentially contributing to weakening of fiber. All of these results provide a global account of V. dahliae development when infecting fiber flax.
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Dates and versions

hal-01963019 , version 1 (31-05-2021)

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Adrien Blum, Melanie Bressan, Abderrakib Zahid, Isabelle Trinsoutrot-Gattin, Azeddine Driouich, et al.. Verticillium Wilt on Fiber Flax: Symptoms and Pathogen Development In Planta. Plant Disease, 2018, 102 (12), pp.2421-2429. ⟨10.1094/PDIS-01-18-0139-RE⟩. ⟨hal-01963019⟩
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