The older, the better: Ageing improves the efficiency of biochar-compost mixture to alleviate drought stress in plant and soil - Normandie Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Science of the Total Environment Year : 2023

The older, the better: Ageing improves the efficiency of biochar-compost mixture to alleviate drought stress in plant and soil

Abstract

Due to increased drought frequency following climate change, practices improving water use efficiency and reducing water-stress are needed. The efficiency of organic amendments to improve plant growth conditions under drought is poorly known. Our aim was to investigate if organic amendments can attenuate plant water-stress due to their effect on the plant-soil system and if this effect may increase upon ageing. To this end we determined plant and soil responses to water shortage and organic amendments added to soil. We compared fresh biochar/compost mixtures to similar amendments after ageing in soil.Results indicated that amendment application induced few plant physiological responses under water-stress. The re-duction of leaf gas exchange under watershortage was alleviated when plants were grown with biochar and compost amendments: stomatal conductance was least reduced with aged mixture aged mixture (-79 % compared to -87 % in control), similarly to transpiration (-69 % in control and not affected with aged mixture). Belowground biomass production (0.25 times) and nodules formation (6.5 times) were enhanced under water-stress by amendment addition. This effect was improved when grown on soil containing the aged as compared to fresh amendments. Plants grown with aged mixtures also showed reduced leaf proline concentrations (two to five times) compared to fresh mixtures indicating stress reduction. Soil enzyme activities were less affected by water-stress in soil with aged amendments. We conclude that the application of biochar-compost mixtures may be a solution to reduce the effect of water-stress to plants. Our findings revealed that this beneficial effect is expected to increase with aged mixtures, leading to a better water-stress resistance over time. However, while being beneficial for plant growth under water-stress, the use of amendments may not be suited to increase water use efficiency.
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Dates and versions

hal-03831829 , version 1 (29-09-2023)

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Charlotte Védère, Manhattan Lebrun, Philippe Biron, Séverine Planchais, Marianne Bordenave-Jacquemin, et al.. The older, the better: Ageing improves the efficiency of biochar-compost mixture to alleviate drought stress in plant and soil. Science of the Total Environment, 2023, 856 (1), pp.158920. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.158920⟩. ⟨hal-03831829⟩
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