Potential of Flax Shives and Beech Wood-Derived Biochar in Methylene Blue and Carbamazepine Removal from Aqueous Solutions - Normandie Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Materials Year : 2022

Potential of Flax Shives and Beech Wood-Derived Biochar in Methylene Blue and Carbamazepine Removal from Aqueous Solutions

H. Zeghioud
Lydia Fryda
Angélique Mahieu
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Abdoulaye Kane

Abstract

Flax shives and beech wood residues represent biomass streams that are abundant in Northwest Europe. These primary feedstocks were evaluated for their suitability to produce biochar as a low environmental-impact adsorbent. The efficacy of the produced biochars was tested by their adsorption capacity towards methylene blue (MB). A series of adsorption tests with carbamazepine is also presented, focusing on the better performing beech wood biochar. Post treatment of the biochars with citric acid (CA) and oxidation of the surface by heating at 250 °C in a muffle oven were carried out to enhance the adsorption capacities of both flax shives biochar (FSBC) and beech biochar (BBC). The resulting physicochemical characteristics are described. The thermally treated biochars have specific surface areas of 388 m2·g−1 and 272 m2·g−1 compared to the untreated biochars with 368 and 142 m2·g−1 for BBC and FSBC, respectively. CA treatment leads to enhancement of the oxygenated surface functional groups and the adsorption capacities of both studied biochars. The non-linear Langmuir and Freundlich models show the best fit for both the isotherm data for MB and the CMZ adsorption with a good correlation between the experimental and calculated adsorption capacities. The effect of adsorbent dosages and initial concentrations of MB and CMZ on the adsorption efficiency is discussed. It can be concluded that beech biochar is a very promising pollutant adsorbent only requiring a mild, low-cost, and low-environmental impact activation treatment for best performance
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hal-03655634 , version 1 (29-04-2022)

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H. Zeghioud, Lydia Fryda, Angélique Mahieu, Rian Visser, Abdoulaye Kane. Potential of Flax Shives and Beech Wood-Derived Biochar in Methylene Blue and Carbamazepine Removal from Aqueous Solutions. Materials, 2022, 15 (8), pp.2824. ⟨10.3390/ma15082824⟩. ⟨hal-03655634⟩
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