Effects of Bacterial CLPB Protein Fragments on Food Intake and PYY Secretion - Normandie Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Nutrients Year : 2021

Effects of Bacterial CLPB Protein Fragments on Food Intake and PYY Secretion

Abstract

CLPB (Caseinolytic peptidase B) protein is a conformational mimetic of α-MSH, an anorectic hormone. Previous in vivo studies have already shown the potential effect of CLPB protein on food intake and on the production of peptide YY (PYY) by injection of E. coli wild type (WT) or E. coli ΔClpB. However, until now, no study has shown its direct effect on food intake. Furthermore, this protein can fragment naturally. Therefore, the aim of this study was (i) to evaluate the in vitro effects of CLPB fragments on PYY production; and (ii) to test the in vivo effects of a CLPB fragment sharing molecular mimicry with α-MSH (CLPB25) compared to natural fragments of the CLPB protein (CLPB96). To do that, a primary culture of intestinal mucosal cells from male Sprague–Dawley rats was incubated with proteins extracted from E. coli WT and ΔCLPB after fragmentation with trypsin or after a heat treatment of the CLPB protein. PYY secretion was measured by ELISA. CLPB fragments were analyzed by Western Blot using anti-α-MSH antibodies. In vivo effects of the CLPB protein on food intake were evaluated by intraperitoneal injections in male C57Bl/6 and ob/ob mice using the BioDAQ® system. The natural CLPB96 fragmentation increased PYY production in vitro and significantly decreased cumulative food intake from 2 h in C57Bl/6 and ob/ob mice on the contrary to CLPB25. Therefore, the anorexigenic effect of CLPB is likely the consequence of enhanced PYY secretion.

Dates and versions

hal-03294498 , version 1 (21-07-2021)

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Cite

Manon Dominique, Nicolas Lucas, Romain Legrand, Illona-Marie Bouleté, Christine Bôle-Feysot, et al.. Effects of Bacterial CLPB Protein Fragments on Food Intake and PYY Secretion. Nutrients, 2021, 13 (7), pp.2223. ⟨10.3390/nu13072223⟩. ⟨hal-03294498⟩
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