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Journal Articles Journal of Clinical Medicine Year : 2019

Indirect Calorimetry in Clinical Practice

Abstract

Indirect calorimetry (IC) is considered as the gold standard to determine energy expenditure, by measuring pulmonary gas exchanges. It is a non-invasive technique that allows clinicians to personalize the prescription of nutrition support to the metabolic needs and promote a better clinical outcome. Recent technical developments allow accurate and easy IC measurements in spontaneously breathing patients as well as in those on mechanical ventilation. The implementation of IC in clinical routine should be promoted in order to optimize the cost–benefit balance of nutrition therapy. This review aims at summarizing the latest innovations of IC as well as the clinical indications, benefits, and limitations.

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hal-02373040 , version 1 (20-11-2019)

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Marta Delsoglio, Najate Achamrah, Mette M. Berger, Claude Pichard. Indirect Calorimetry in Clinical Practice. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2019, 8 (9), pp.1387. ⟨10.3390/jcm8091387⟩. ⟨hal-02373040⟩
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