Sudden paraplegia due to spontaneous bleeding in a thoracic epidural angiolipoma and literature review - Normandie Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Neurochirurgie Year : 2018

Sudden paraplegia due to spontaneous bleeding in a thoracic epidural angiolipoma and literature review

Abstract

Background. Spinal angiolipomas are rare epidural tumours that are usually revealed by chronic symptoms of medullar irritation. We report a case of acute paraplegia caused by spontaneous bleeding revealing a thoracic angiolipoma.
Case description. A 17-year-old male patient with no previous medical history was admitted for acute onset of paraplegia with bladder retention and loss of sensation in the lower limbs, preceded by dorsal pain during the three previous days. MRI showed an enhanced T1-weighted image of a T7–T12 epidural lesion. The T1-weighted isosignal and the T2-weighted hyposignal suggested haemorrhagic complications. Due to a mass effect on the spinal cord, an emergency laminectomy was performed. Histopathological examination of the lesion revealed an angiolipoma with spontaneous bleeding. Clinical outcome was favourable after two months.
Conclusion. This case is one of the first to be reported, although the clinical presentation is similar to that of other rare reported cases of paraplegia due to spinal compression by tumoural bleeding.
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hal-02316594 , version 1 (15-10-2019)

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M. Lacour, V. Gilard, F. Marguet, S. Curey, A. Perez, et al.. Sudden paraplegia due to spontaneous bleeding in a thoracic epidural angiolipoma and literature review. Neurochirurgie, 2018, 64 (1), pp.73-75. ⟨10.1016/j.neuchi.2017.08.003⟩. ⟨hal-02316594⟩
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