Valorization of a highly organic sediment: from conventional binders to a geopolymer approach - Normandie Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Composites Science Year : 2022

Valorization of a highly organic sediment: from conventional binders to a geopolymer approach

Ali Hussan
Salim Mezazigh
Louis Jardin
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Abstract

The objective of this research is to investigate the possible reuse of dredged sediments from the port of Cherbourg, France, as an alternative material in road engineering and as a backfill material. These dredged sediments contain high percentages of organic matter (OM), and the presence of OM in the sediment, even in small amounts, can affect the engineering properties of sediments. This research was carried out in two series: the sediment was treated with traditional hydraulic binders (ordinary Portland cement (OPC), calcium sulfo-aluminate (CSA) cement, quarry sand (QS), lime, and a combination of them) in the first series, and with pozzolanic binders in the second series (ground-granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBS) and fly ash (FA)), along with the introduction of an activator. According to French legislation, these two pozzolanic binders (GGBS and FA) have no carbon footprint as they are industrial by-products, and therefore, the second series of this research is considered to be highly eco-friendly and economical. Sediment treated with hydraulic binders yielded a maximum value of unconfined compressive strength (UCS) of 1 MPa at 28 days. Out of eight formulations made using traditional binders, only one formulation barely met the French criteria to be used in the sub-base layer of roads. The development of geopolymer using alkali-activated GGBS and then the incorporation of 30% sediments yielded a UCS value above 2 MPa at 28, 60, 90, and 180 days. Furthermore, the addition of 5% lime and 3% granular calcium carbonate in the same mixture (geopolymer + 30% sediments) increased the UCS by up to 60% and 90%, respectively.
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hal-03946807 , version 1 (19-01-2023)

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Ali Hussan, Daniel Levacher, Salim Mezazigh, Louis Jardin. Valorization of a highly organic sediment: from conventional binders to a geopolymer approach. Journal of Composites Science, 2022, 6 (5), pp.147. ⟨10.3390/jcs6050147⟩. ⟨hal-03946807⟩
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