Positive or neutral effects of biochar-compost mixtures on earthworm communities in a temperate cropping system - Normandie Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Applied Soil Ecology Year : 2023

Positive or neutral effects of biochar-compost mixtures on earthworm communities in a temperate cropping system

Abstract

Biochar is increasingly considered an efficient amendment to improve soil fertility and store carbon in soils for climate change mitigation. However, few field studies have evaluated biochar impacts on soil fauna and espe-cially earthworms in temperate areas despite their importance for soil structure and laboratory-based evidence of potential adverse effects. We investigated the effects of three biochars (from rapeseed, miscanthus and compost reject) in mixture with a green waste compost on the abundance and composition of earthworm communities during a three-year field experiment in northern France. Compost alone or biochar-compost mixtures were applied at 11.7 t dry matter ha-1 and compared to equivalent mineral fertilization. Biochar-compost mixtures did not affect total earthworm density and biomass, while contrasting effects concerning specific ecological groups were observed. Compost addition increased juvenile endogeic earthworm density roughly one month after amendment while no adverse short-term effects of biochar-compost mixtures were observed. Two years after amendment application, anecic earthworm density was higher for the mixture with compost and biochar from compost rejects, which also resulted in the highest soil organic carbon concentrations. We conclude that biochar-compost mixtures at low but more economically viable biochar application rates could be used as an increasingly understood beneficial soil amendment under temperate climate conditions without adverse effects on earthworm communities.

Dates and versions

hal-03810055 , version 1 (11-10-2022)

Identifiers

Cite

Nicolas Honvault, David Houben, Manhattan Lebrun, Charlotte Vedere, Cécile Nobile, et al.. Positive or neutral effects of biochar-compost mixtures on earthworm communities in a temperate cropping system. Applied Soil Ecology, 2023, 182, pp.104684. ⟨10.1016/j.apsoil.2022.104684⟩. ⟨hal-03810055⟩
131 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More