Transanal irrigation is a better choice for bowel dysfunction in adults with spina bifida: a randomized controlled trial - Normandie Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Colorectal Disease Year : 2023

Transanal irrigation is a better choice for bowel dysfunction in adults with spina bifida: a randomized controlled trial

Abstract

Aim: To compare transanal irrigation with conservative bowel management for the treatment of bowel dysfunction in Spina bifida (SB) patients.Methods: Patients with SB and bowel dysfunction were randomly assigned to receive either transanal irrigation or conservative bowel management. The effectiveness of the treatment was defined as a decrease of 4 points in the neurogenic bowel dysfunction (NBD) score at week 10. Data on incontinence (Cleveland scores; Jorge-Wexner [JW]) and constipation (Knowles-Eccersley-Scott Symptom Constipation Score [KESS]) were recorded at 10 and 24 weeks after inclusion. Data were analysed on an intention-to-treat basis.Results: A total of 34 patients were randomised: 16 patients to conservative bowel management and 18 patients to transanal irrigation. A total of 19/31 (61%) patients improved at week 10, 13 (76%) in the transanal irrigation group versus six (43%) in the conservative group (p = 0.056). In the irrigation group, the decrease in NBD score was -6.9 (-9.9 to -4.02) versus -1.9 (-6.5 to -2.8) in the conservative group (p = 0.049 in univariate and p = 0.004 in multivariate analysis). The NBD, Cleveland (JW and KESS) and Rosenberg scores were significantly lower in the transanal irrigation group than in the conservative bowel management group at week 10.Conclusions: This prospective, randomised, controlled, multicentre study in adult patients with SB suggests that transanal irrigation may be more effective than conservative bowel management.
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Dates and versions

hal-04008711 , version 1 (24-03-2023)

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Attribution - NonCommercial

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Charlène Brochard, Magali Jezequel, Anne Blanchard-Dauphin, Jacques Kerdraon, Brigitte Perrouin-Verbe, et al.. Transanal irrigation is a better choice for bowel dysfunction in adults with spina bifida: a randomized controlled trial. Colorectal Disease, 2023, 25 (6), pp.1267-1276. ⟨10.1111/codi.16518⟩. ⟨hal-04008711⟩
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