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Journal Articles NDT & E International Year : 2011

Ultrasound monitoring of bubble size and velocity in a fluid model using phased array transducer

Abstract

Experimental studies on composite materials highlighted the existence of gas bubbles (voids) at different scales (micro and macro).These voids, resulting from the fabrication process, are sources of weakness for the end-user material. Therefore, several studies focus on the evaluation and the minimization of void rate. During injection of resin into the fibrous matrix, bubbles appear. Some are dispersed while others persist and diminish the overall quality of the finished product. This study consists in detecting bubbles during the resin transfer molding (RTM) process using an original method based on ultrasound. However, in practice we have to face with several problems due to the heterogeneity of the environment, such as the differentiation of a bubble from a strand or fiber. Due to the complexity of the problem, an experimental setup was built in order to detect bubbles using an ultrasonic phased array transducer in a flow of viscous fluid only, without the presence of fiber matrix. The study deals with the flow of a model fluid, which simulates the injected resin, with presence of air bubbles trapped in a channel production. Since the ultrasonic characteristics of the experimental setup are well known and characterized, the number, velocity and size of air bubbles could be evaluated.
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Dates and versions

hal-03313307 , version 1 (03-08-2021)

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Naïm Samet, Pierre Maréchal, Hugues Duflo. Ultrasound monitoring of bubble size and velocity in a fluid model using phased array transducer. NDT & E International, 2011, 44 (7), pp.621-627. ⟨10.1016/j.ndteint.2011.06.005⟩. ⟨hal-03313307⟩
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