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Books Year : 2018

The French Revolution and Social Democracy

La Révolution française et la social-démocratie

Jean-Numa Ducange

Abstract

Beyond France’s own national historiography, the French Revolution was a fundamental point of reference for the nineteenth-century socialist movement. As Jean-Numa Ducange tells us, while Karl Marx never wrote his planned history of the Revolution, from the 1880s the German and Austrian social-democrats did embark on such a project. This was an important moment for both Marxism and the historiography of the French Revolution. Yet it has not previously been the object of any overall study. The French Revolution and Social Democracy studies both the social-democratic readings of the foundational revolutionary event, and the place of this history in militant culture, as seen in sources from party educationals, to leaflets and workers’ calendars.
Les héritiers politiques de Marx des social-démocraties allemande et autrichienne entendent fixer leur lecture de la Révolution française en publiant à partir de 1889 ouvrages, articles et brochures. Ces écrits vont servir de fondement à une tradition d’interprétation de la « Grande Révolution » , enseignée et transmise au travers d’un impressionnant dispositif de formation et de diffusion. Étudiée ici grâce à l’exploitation de fonds d’archives peu connus, cette tradition qui tend à fixer une vulgate auprès d’un large milieu militant se heurte aux évolutions des social-démocraties et surgissement des révolutions en 1905 et 1917.

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History
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Dates and versions

hal-01940123 , version 1 (30-11-2018)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-01940123 , version 1

Cite

Jean-Numa Ducange. The French Revolution and Social Democracy: The Transmission of History and Its Political Uses in Germany and Austria, 1889–1934. Brill, 2018, 978-90-04-38479-8. ⟨hal-01940123⟩
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