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Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2023

Sold to China: Container Traffic in the Port of Piraeus

Vendu à la Chine : Le trafic de conteneurs dans le port du Pirée


This paper analyzes the effects of the acquisition of the Port of Piraeus by the Chinese shipping operator COSCO in July 2016 on the organization of container traffic in Europe. Using real-time container ship positions provided by vessel tracking systems between 2015 and 2019, we study the impact of the privatization of the Greek port on the traffic of Piraeus and competing ports by vessels of different operators, and specifically COSCO. We use a differencein-differences approach. The number of calls by container ships to Piraeus increased following its privatization, but this increase in attractiveness corresponds essentially to ships operated by COSCO whose capacity exceeds 3,000 twenty-foot equivalent units, and in particular the largest of them. We do not identify any crowding out effect between operators in Piraeus: the use of Piraeus by the vessels of other operators remains relatively unchanged. The privatization of Piraeus seems to have imposed the Greek port as COSCO's transhipment hub for the European market without this being to the detriment of ports in any other particular European area.
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Dates and versions

hal-03938743 , version 1 (13-01-2023)


  • HAL Id : hal-03938743 , version 1


Claude Duvallet, Pamina Koenig, Yoann Pigné, Sandra Poncet, Mathieu Sanch-Maritan. Sold to China: Container Traffic in the Port of Piraeus. 2023. ⟨hal-03938743⟩
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